WRINKLES, AGEING, AND DRY SKIN WHEN SUNBATHING - HOW TO PREVENT IT?
With general aging, which starts shortly after the age of 25, the skin also ages. The result is dry skin that lacks shine, is not sufficiently lubricated, peels, and can be itchy. The skin loses elasticity – wrinkles appear and deepen over time. Skin processes slow down, the care needed to maintain its structure is reduced, the skin is no longer as a firm, elastic, smooth, not sufficiently moisturised, not able to repair itself well, and lacks an adequate supply of oxygen, which inevitably contributes to the ageing process and the appearance of wrinkles. How quickly wrinkles appear, how pronounced they are and where they are visible depends on a combination of internal metabolic processes and external influences on the skin.
PHOTO AGEING IS PREMATURE AGEING CAUSED BY THE SUN
An important external factor that has a strong influence on accelerated skin ageing is prolonged overexposure to the sun, which causes structural changes in the epidermis and dermis of the skin – photoageing. It accounts for as much as 80% of skin ageing. The skin becomes dry, leathery, and wrinkled, and irregular pigmentation is often visible. It is pronounced in people who have had a lot of occupational exposure to the sun. Small blood vessels are permanently dilated (telangiectasias) and pigment spots appear. Photo-aging is most pronounced on the parts of the body most exposed to the sun: the face, neck, and back of the hands.
The skin is made up of three layers: the epidermis, the dermis, and the subcutis. The dermis is interwoven with collagen and elastic fibres that maintain the skin’s structure. In between, blood vessels intertwine. These elements make the skin look smooth and youthful. Over time, UV rays destroy collagen and elastin. After stretching, the destroyed fibres lose their elasticity and their ability to contract, the skin loses its elasticity and wrinkles appear.
The main culprits of premature ageing and wrinkles are UVA rays, which have a longer wavelength and penetrate deep into the epidermis. UVB rays have a shorter wavelength, but are more powerful, cause burns, and damage our DNA.
WRINKLES AND THEIR CAUSES?
Causes of wrinkles include:
- age-related reduction in the production of hyaluronic acid (which ensures that the skin is properly moisturised),
- reduced production of elastin and collagen (which act as the skin’s main structural elements);
- loss of elasticity, elasticity, firmness (compactness), smoothness and volume of the skin;
- Lifestyle damage to the skin: smoking, lack of sleep;
- internal factors: genetic predisposition, age;
- loss of volume (fewer cells in the skin that give volume), making the skin too large, sagging, and giving the appearance of a sagging face;
WHERE DO WRINKLES MOST OFTEN APPEAR?
The most common wrinkles are:
- under the eyes and on the outer corners of the eyes (initially fine lines that become deeper and more pronounced over time)
- fine lines around the mouth – ‘laugh lines’, and under the nose towards the lips, lines across the forehead (horizontal along the expression lines and between the eyes),
- upright lines on the sides of the cheekbones (in addition to ageing, they can indicate a deficiency of certain hormones, such as testosterone – also in women),
- lines on the rest of the face, which are present all over the face over time;
WRINKLES AND WRINKLE PREVENTION
We cannot resist time and ageing, but we can take the right steps to maintain healthy skin. We can reduce or prevent the harmful effects of UV radiation on our bodies and stay healthy by taking the right self-protective measures: limiting sun exposure between 10 am and 5 pm, using broad-spectrum (UVA and UVB) sunscreens with a sun protection factor of 30 or more, wearing headgear and protective clothing, and avoiding the use of sunbeds.
SKIN REJUVENATION (ANTI-AGING)
The methods used to prevent wrinkles are mainly non-invasive and invasive.
Non-invasive anti-aging methods are the use of nourishing and/or therapeutic cosmetic products containing active ingredients such as:
- Hyaluronic acid – a skin constituent, hyaluronic acid can bind up to 1 000 times its own molecular weight of water, providing plentiful hydration and filling the skin from the inside. This effectively smooths the skin and reduces the depth of wrinkles,
- Active oxygen compounds – these oxygenate the skin and allow it to regenerate faster,
- Aloe vera – can transfer active substances, which increases skin hydration and renewal, coenzyme Q10 – is involved in cell metabolism and cellular energy production,
- AHA – alpha hydroxy acids stimulate the sloughing of old epidermal cells and enhance the renewal of the skin’s epidermis,
- Oligopeptides – strengthen the skin’s structure by stimulating the collagen network to reduce wrinkles.
Invasive methods of facial rejuvenation (anti-aging):
- exfoliation – stimulates the skin to repair damage at the cellular level and thus supports skin renewal; can be performed with different substances e.g. different oils, fruit acids, exfoliation with selected ingredients (lactic acid, salicylic acid), diamond exfoliation;
- injection of dermal fillers (most commonly hyaluronic acid),
- Botox injections (this is also a type of dermal filler), which are injected in specific areas, e.g. forehead, around the eyes (to numb facial muscles and soften expression lines),
- facelift – this method lifts sagging facial skin. There are several types of lifting: injection of a growth factor, which activates the skin cells to accelerate the production of collagen and the growth of new blood vessels, resulting in skin rejuvenation,
- thread lift, which stimulates collagen production, the effect is visible immediately after the procedure;
- Stem cell therapy (mesotherapy) – stem cells are extracted from problematic areas of the body in a local anesthetic and injected into the anti-aging area. The method renews cells, regenerates the skin, smooths wrinkles, and restores elasticity to the skin.
A COMBINATION OF NON-INVASIVE AND INVASIVE ANTI-AGEING METHODS
All invasive methods combine extremely well with products containing active oxygen compounds and additional ingredients for generous skin hydration. Active oxygen compounds oxygenate, oxygenate, nourish and stimulate skin regeneration. Aloe vera and hyaluronic acid are added to hydrate the skin.
OXILVER® Skin solution skin spray is a product with active oxygen and can serve as the product of choice for a non-invasive anti-aging method. It oxygenates and regenerates the skin, thus ensuring faster skin renewal. OXILVER® Skin Solution generously moisturises the skin with added hyaluronic acid and Aloe vera, slows down the ageing process, fills the skin from the inside, and thus reduces the depth of wrinkles. Skin is nourished and purified.
OXILVER® Skin Gel provides a longer-lasting effect thanks to its texture. It allows a more precise application of the product on the selected area for a rejuvenating and intensive action.
How to use:
- Apply OXILVER® Skin Solution Skin Spray to clean skin and spray 3-4 times a day on the desired areas.
- For longer-lasting effects, apply OXILVER® Skin Gel. Ideally, the two products should be combined and the gel applied after the OXILVER® Skin Solution has dried on the skin.
The application does not need to be rinsed.
OXILVER products can be combined with all existing cosmetics and cosmetic methods.